Archive for the ‘Ethics and Morality’ Category
Posted by Sen on May 16, 2015
[Upate, October 26, 2015, see postscript.]
This posting will explore the principles and procedures that determine the ‘prohibited degrees of marriage’ in Bahai law. How closely does someone have to be related to you, to be too close for you to marry? The term “affinity” is used to include blood relationships and marriage relationships (and relationships by adoption ~ see the postscript).
Bahai readers will no doubt ask, why do we need a systematic explanation of this now? It is not as if there is a problem: we do not have a prevalence of first cousin marriages in Bahai communities, our assemblies are not overburdened by requests from fathers wanting to marry their daughters. Our lack of interest in the issue is indicated by the fact that the Bahaikipedia section on marriage laws does not mention the prohibited degrees of marriage. Apparently, we are quite satisfied to obey the civil laws and use our common sense.
However the lack of a systematic presentation in terms that are understandable for people from an Islamic background has given room for numerous Islamic scholars and anti-Bahai web sites to tell the people they can influence that Bahais “marry their sisters.” Read the rest of this entry »
Posted in Aqdas and Law, Defence of the Faith, Ethics and Morality, Polemics | Tagged: Bahai Faith, incest, prohibited degrees of affinity, prohibited degrees of relationship, Shoghi Effendi, Universal House of Justice, ازدواج, ازدواج بهائی, بهائی, بهائیت, عبدالبهاء | 13 Comments »
Posted by Sen on January 9, 2011
This story is interesting in that it is one example of how a homosexual partnership was addressed in the time of Shoghi Effendi, and because it gives the context and full text of a letter written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi which is otherwise published only in part.
This is not my research: it is published by Jelle de Vries in The Babi Question you mentioned (2002), a history that covers reports about the Babi and Bahai religions written by Dutch expatriates in 19th century Iran, and also the early history of the Bahai Faith in the Netherlands up to 1962. Read the rest of this entry »
Posted in Ethics and Morality, History | Tagged: Bahai Faith, homosexuality, Shoghi Effendi, the Hague, the Netherlands | 17 Comments »
Posted by Sen on November 22, 2010
This tablet by Abdu’l-Baha, dated around 1899, responds to detailed questions, “concerning the wisdom of referring some important laws to the House of Justice.” Abdu’l-Baha replies that, in principle, the Baha’i Faith is similar to Christianity, whose scriptures also specify only a few laws.
The Bahai Faith, he says, has little connection to worldly concerns. Religion’s primary function is to refine characters and bring light in darkness. However the Bahai scriptures do specify some foundations of our religious law, leaving subsidiary matters to the divinely-inspired House of Justice, which can make ‘cultural laws,’ (ahkaam madaniyyih) in accordance with time and circumstance. Read the rest of this entry »
Posted in Aqdas and Law, Ethics and Morality, Translations | Tagged: Abdu'l-Baha, Bahai Faith, Bahai law, House of Justice, religious law, بهائی, بهائیت, عبدالبهاء | 3 Comments »
Posted by Sen on August 12, 2010
Continuing with the readings from Nader Saiedi’s Gate of the Heart. I’ve selected a section beginning on page 315, where it is headed ‘Perfection and refinement’ — a title that doesn’t do justice to the implications of these concepts for a theology of positive stewardship for the natural world.
Read the rest of this entry »
Posted in Bahai Writings, Ethics and Morality, Theology | Tagged: Bahai, bahai theology, The Bab, بهائی, بهائیت | 2 Comments »
Posted by Sen on April 4, 2010
This is in response to ‘Pluralist Society is an Unethical Rabble’ on another Bahai blog on WordPress, Owen’s Meanderings. Owen says he is
“increasingly reminded of that famous biblical story about Sodom and Gommorroh,” … the men and women who sit in government seats must take their share of the blame for the inequities within a nation. However increasingly I have realized that the person living in my street is likely to be twice a corrupt as a politician. … There seems to be very few people who have self-regulating ethical decision-making process. .. Read the rest of this entry »
Posted in Church and State, Community, Ethics and Morality, Individualism, Political science | Tagged: Abdu'l-Baha, Bahai Faith, multiculturalism, pluralism, pluralist society, political theology, postmodernism, بهائی, بهائیت | 21 Comments »
Posted by Sen on March 21, 2009
Is civilization to be ‘ever-advancing,’ or is it limited to moderation?
Read the rest of this entry »
Posted in Bahai Writings, Ethics and Morality, Translations | Tagged: Baha'u'llah, Civilization, Lawh-e Maqsuud, qanat, Shoghi Effendi, urbanisation, بـهاءالله, بهائی, بهائیت, شوقی افندی | Leave a Comment »
Posted by Sen on February 17, 2009
It has been my experience that Bahais often become discouraged as a result of having unrealistic expectations of what is called entry by troops (EBT) and large scale conversion. I would like to look again at what the Bahai scriptures say about this, and at how Shoghi Effendi conceived the historical process of growth. The little that the scriptures say suggests to me that its importance has been over-rated, and that the time-frame of entry by troops, its nature, and how the Bahais can bring it about have all been misunderstood. From my reading of the world and of the scriptures, I suggest that we should not now be greatly preoccupied with entry by troops or large scale conversion: a concern with the needs of the age we live in, and the needs of our Bahai communities today, will indicate healthier, locally-specific priorities which – ironically – will be more conducive to actual ‘growth’ in every sense. We will start by briefly looking back over the last two generations.
Read the rest of this entry »
Posted in Community, Ethics and Morality | Tagged: Bahai Faith, bahai theology, entry by troops, Lesser Peace, mass conversion, Matthew 16:3, millenialism, personal transformation, Shoghi Effendi, y2k, year 2000, بهائی, بهائیت, شوقی افندی | 7 Comments »
Posted by Sen on December 5, 2008
Schools must first train the children in the principles of religion, so that the Promise and the Threat recorded in the Books of God may prevent them from the things forbidden and adorn them with the mantle of the commandments; but this in such a measure that it may not injure the children by resulting in ignorant fanaticism and bigotry.
(Tablets of Baha’u’llah, p. 68)
Promise and Threat, or reward and punishment, is one of those basic dynamics that acts out at several levels. Read the rest of this entry »
Posted in Community, Ethics and Morality | Tagged: Abdu'l-Baha, Baha'u'llah, Bahai, Bahai Faith, religion in schools, reward and punishment, بـهاءالله, بهائی, بهائیت, عبدالبهاء | Leave a Comment »
Posted by Sen on November 18, 2008
A poster used to advertise a thanksgiving mass
In a discussion forum, a Baha’i participant said,
“Baha’is do not join the military, except as non-combatants”
To which the response was:
“That really limits how many Bahais a Nation can have!”
But is it really a Bahai teaching that we should not serve as combatants, or is this just current practice? Read the rest of this entry »
Posted in Ethics and Morality | Tagged: Abdu'l-Baha, Bahai, Bahai Faith, collective security, conscientious objection, Custodians, Darfur, Ethics and Morality, Hands of the Cause, holocaust, Jalal Khazeh, just war, Mai Pederson, military service, Nazi Germany, non-combatant status, Shoghi Effendi, Shu'a'llah 'Alai, Some Answered Questions, Srebrenica massacre, The Art of Governance, world peace, بهائیت, شوقی افندی | 8 Comments »
Posted by Sen on February 20, 2008
As a first experiment in blogging, here’s a letter I wrote to the Bahai Youth Council in 1996. The Council had written a jeremiad about the terrible state of youth, and invited comments. They got them.
To the European Bahá’í Youth Council
I have recently received a copy of your paper “The State of the Bahá’í Youth in Europe,” dated May 1995. That is a long time ago – particularly in the life of a youth – and perhaps this paper no longer reflects the thinking of the Youth Council. I hope so, at any rate, because the approach adopted in the paper does not suggest a way forward for either the Council or the youth themselves.
In addition to the general observation that one cannot expect positive output from negative input, two areas in particular struck me as needing re-vision: the approach to morality and to individualism.
Read the rest of this entry »
Posted in Community, Ethics and Morality, Individualism | Tagged: Bahai, Bahai Faith, Community, Generation gap, Individualism, Maturity, Morality, Organic unity, Youth, بهائی, بهائیت | Leave a Comment »